This Little Light of Mine by Ariel E………..

HAPPY CHANUKAH

Welcome to our Chanukah Celebration

Lighting of the Menorah

1.  Place a Candle in the Middle of the Chanukiot –in the place for the SHAMASH or Servant

2.  Now place two candles on the far RIGHT HAND SIDE of the Chanukiot

Lighting of the Menorah

3. WHEN LIGHTING YOUR CANDLES EACH NIGHT

First, the Shamash is lit with a match.  Taking the lit Shamash in hand, but without lighting the other wicks yet, we recite these blessings:

Chanukah Blessing

4. “BLESSED are you Lord our God king of the universe who as sanctified us with his commandments and commanded us to kindle the Chanukah light in Jesus name, amen.”

Chanukah Blessing

5. “BLESSED are you Lord our God king of the universe who has performed miracles for our forefathers in those days at this time- in Yeshua’s Name Amen.”

ON the High Holy Sabbath we also recite the
Shehekianu Prayer which is:

6. “BLESSED are you Lord our God king of the universe who has kept us alive, sustained us, and brought us to this holy season in Yeshua’s Name Amen.”

Todays Message:

“The Controversy over Zion: The History of Chanukah”

HANUKKAH AND

THE CONTROVERSY OF ZION

WHO / WHAT IS ZION ?

1)  Zion is the people of the God of Israel

2)  Zion is the land of Israel

3)  The Torah goes forth from Zion

4)  Zion is the fulfillment of the covenant made with Abraham

5)  Zion is the end of the exile of Jacob

6)  Zion is the Messianic Era

7)  Zion is Yeshua redeeming and dwelling with His people

ZION IS THE PEOPLE OF YHVH

Isaiah 51:16  “And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, You art my people.”

ZION IS THE LAND OF ISRAEL

Joel 2:1 “Blow ye the trumpet in Zion and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD comes for it is nigh at hand;”

THE TORAH
GOES FORTH FROM ZION

Isaiah 2:3  “And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the Torah and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.”

ZION IS THE
END OF THE EXILE OF JACOB

Psalm 147:2  The LORD does build up Jerusalem: he gathers together the outcasts of Israel.

Isaiah 11:12  And he shall set up an ensign for the nations and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

YESHUA RETURNS WHEN THE EXILES OF ZION ARE GATHERED

Psalm 102:13  You will arise and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time is come.

Psalm 102:16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.

YESHUA DWELLS IN ZION

Isaiah 8:17  And I will wait upon the LORD that hides his face from the house of Jacob and I will look for him.

Isaiah 8:18  Behold, I and the children whom the LORD has given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts which dwells in mount Zion.

Joel 3:16  The LORD also shall roar out of Zion …

ZION IS BELIEVING
YESHUA IS THE MESSIAH

1 Peter 2:5  Ye also as lively stones are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Yeshua HaMashiach.

1 Peter 2:6  Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Zion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.

WHAT IS ZION ?

THE SONS OF ZION WILL OPPOSE THE SONS OF GREECE

Zechariah 9:13  When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.

THE ENEMIES OF ISRAEL ARE CALLED ‘BEASTS OF THE FIELD’

Deuteronomy 7:16  And you shall consume all the people which the LORD your God shall deliver thee; your eye shall have no pity upon them: neither shall you serve their gods; for that will be a snare unto thee.

Deuteronomy 7:22  And the LORD thy God will put out those nations before you by little and little: you may not consume them at once, lest the beasts of the field increase upon thee.

THE ENEMIES OF ISRAEL ARE CALLED ‘BEASTS OF THE FIELD’

Deuteronomy 28:64  And the LORD shall scatter you among all people from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there you shall serve other gods which neither you nor your fathers have known even wood and stone.

Ezekiel 34:5  And they were scattered because there is no shepherd: and they became meat to all the beasts of the field when they were scattered.

DANIEL’S INTERPRETATION OF
KING NEBUCHADNEZZAR’S DREAM

Daniel 2:1  And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams wherewith his spirit was troubled and his sleep brake from him.

Daniel 2:2 Then the king commanded to call the magicians and the astrologers and the sorcerers and the Chaldeans for to show the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king.

Daniel 2:3  And the king said unto them, I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was troubled to know the dream.

DANIEL’S INTERPRETATION OF
KING NEBUCHADNEZZAR’S DREAM

Daniel 2:19 Then was the secret revealed unto Daniel in a night vision. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.

Daniel 2:24 Therefore Daniel went in unto Arioch whom the king had ordained to destroy the wise men of Babylon: he went and said thus unto him; Destroy not the wise men of Babylon: bring me in before the king and I will show unto the king the interpretation.

DANIEL’S INTERPRETATION OF
KING NEBUCHADNEZZAR’S DREAM

Daniel 2:25 Then Arioch brought in Daniel before the king in haste and said thus unto him I have found a man of the captives of Judah that will make known unto the king the interpretation.

Daniel 2:31 You, O king, saw and behold a great image. This great image whose brightness was excellent stood before thee; and the form thereof was terrible.

Daniel 2:32 This image’s head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver his belly and his thighs of brass

DANIEL’S INTERPRETATION OF
KING NEBUCHADNEZZAR’S DREAM

Daniel 2:33 His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.

Daniel 2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.

THE GENTILE KINGDOMS OF
THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD

DANIEL’S VISION OF THE RAM AND GOAT

Daniel 8:1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel after that which appeared unto me at the first.

Daniel 8:16 And I heard a man’s voice between the banks of Ulai, which called and said Gabriel make this man to understand the vision.

Daniel 8:19 And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.

THE RAM IS MEDIA-PERSIA

Daniel 8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw and behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

Daniel 8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward and northward and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will and became great.

Daniel 8:20 The ram which you saw having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

MAP OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE

THE GOAT IS GREECE

Daniel 8:5 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.

Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

THE LIFE OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT

The notable horn of the Grecian empire in Daniel 8:5 refers to Alexander the Great. Alexander lives from 365 BC – 323 BC.  As a young boy, Alexander studied the writings of the Greek philosopher, Aristotle.  At age 20, Alexander become the king of the Greek state Macedonia. Later he went to war and conquered the Persian empire.

Alexander believed that the Greek culture could unify the world. He founded a new city in each country of his empire that would serve as a model for the furtherance of the Greek culture. Public buildings, gymnasiums, open-air theaters, the spread of Greek names, Greek dress, and a common language all were by-products of the rule of the Greek empire. The spread of the Greek culture was known as Hellenism.

GREECE DEFEATS
THE MEDIA-PERSIAN EMPIRE

Daniel 8:6 And he came to the ram that had two horns which I had seen standing before the river and ran unto him in the fury of his power.

Daniel 8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

MAP OF THE GRECIAN EMPIRE

ALEXANDER THE GREAT
DIES AT A YOUNG AGE

Daniel 8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken …

Alexander the Great died at the age of 32. His kingdom was divided among four of his generals.

GREECE IS DIVIDED INTO FOUR KINGDOMS

Daniel 8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

Daniel 8:22 Now that being broken whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation but not in his power

THE LITTLE HORN IS
ANTIOCHUS IV (EPIPHANES)

Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn which waxed exceeding great toward the south and toward the east and toward the pleasant land.

Antiochus IV portrayed as Zeus

ISRAEL BECOMES THE CENTER OF CONFLICT BETWEEN THE GREEK SELUCID AND GREEK PTOLEMY KINGDOMS

Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn which waxed exceeding great toward the south and toward the east and toward the pleasant land.

The Syrian area north of the Galilee was ruled by the Greek General Seleucus I. The area south of Israel in Egypt was ruled by the Greek General Ptolemy I.

Israel lay in the middle between the struggle and fight between the Greek rulers of Syria and Egypt. An eventual Seleucid ruler known as Antiochus Epiphanes IV set out to destroy the Greek ruler in Egypt and Israel became the battleground.

THE SELEUCID, PTOLEMY AND MACCABEAN DYNASTIES

ANTIOCHUS IV WAGES
WAR AGAINST THE JEWS

Daniel 8:22 Now that being broken whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation but not in his power

Daniel 8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance and understanding dark sentences shall stand up.

Daniel 8:24 And his power shall be mighty but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper and practice, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.

ANTIOCHUS IV DESTROYS
THE VESSELS OF THE TEMPLE

1 Maccabees 1:10 And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.

1 Maccabees 1:20 And after that Antiochus had smitten Egypt, he returned again in the hundred forty and third year and went up against Israel and Jerusalem with a great multitude

1 Maccabees 1:21 And entered proudly into the sanctuary and took away the golden altar and the candlestick of light and all the vessels thereof

ANTIOCHUS IV DESTROYS
THE VESSELS OF THE TEMPLE

1 Maccabees 1:22 And the table of the shewbread and the pouring vessels and the vials and the censers of gold and the veil and the crown and the golden ornaments that were before the temple all which he pulled off.

1 Maccabees 1:23 He took also the silver and the gold and the precious vessels: also he took the hidden treasures which he found.

1 Maccabees 1:24 And when he had taken all away, he went into his own land having made a great massacre and spoken very proudly.

1 Maccabees 1:25 Therefore there was a great mourning in Israel in every place where they were

ANTIOCHUS IV WAGES
WAR AGAINST THE JEWS

Daniel 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

ANTIOCHUS IV DECEIVES THROUGH PEACE

1 Maccabees 1:29 And after two years fully expired the king sent his chief collector of tribute unto the cities of Judah who came unto Jerusalem with a great multitude

1 Maccabees 1:30 And spake peaceable words unto them, but all was deceit: for when they had given him credence, he fell suddenly upon the city, and smote it very sore and destroyed much people of Israel.

1 Maccabees 1:31 And when he had taken the spoils of the city, he set it on fire and pulled down the houses and walls thereof on every side.

ANTIOCHUS IV STOPPED THE DAILY SACRIFICE IN THE TEMPLE

Daniel 8:11 Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

Daniel 8:12 And an host was given him against the daily sacrifice by reason of transgression and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced and prospered.

The daily sacrifice was stopped

by Antiochus IV on Kislev 25, 168 BC

ANTIOCHUS IV STOPS THE DAILY SACRIFICE AND SETS UP THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION

1 Maccabees 1:54 Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation upon the altar and built idol altars throughout the cities of Judah on every side;

1 Maccabees 1:56 And when they had rent in pieces the books of the law which they found, they burnt them with fire.

1 Maccabees 1:59 Now the five and twentieth day of the month they did sacrifice upon the idol altar, which was upon the altar of God.

ANTIOCHUS IV SETS UP THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION

Daniel 11:31 And arms shall stand on his par, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength and shall take away the daily sacrifice and they shall place the abomination that makes desolate.

Antiochus IV erected an altar of the god Zeus (Greek) in the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem and sacrificed a pig upon it.

YESHUA SPEAKS OF THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION

Matthew 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place (whoso reads let him understand:)

Matthew 24:16 Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:

THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION

Source: Jewish Encyclopedia

The rabbis as a whole consider that the expression   [‘abomination of desolation’] refers to the desecration of the Temple by the erection of a Zeus statue in its sacred precincts by Antiochus Epiphanes.

Some rabbis, however, see in it an allusion to Manasseh, who, as related in II Chron. 33:7, set up “a carved image . . . in the house of God” (Yer. Ta’anit, iv. 68a, and Rashi on the passage in Babli, ibid. 28b).

THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION

Source: Jewish Encyclopedia

An expression occurring in Matthew 24:15 and Mark 13:14 [‘abomination of desolation’] …

The context of these passages leaves no room for doubt as to what was intended by this somewhat odd expression; namely, the transformation, by Antiochus Epiphanes, of the sacred Temple at Jerusalem into a heathen one. In both Biblical and rabbinical Hebrew abomination is a familiar term for an idol (I Kings 11:5; II Kings 13:13)

WITNESSING THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION, THE MACCABEES
FLEE INTO THE MOUNTAINS

1 Maccabees 2:1 In those days arose Mattathias the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib from Jerusalem, and dwelt in Modin.

1 Maccabees 2:2 And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis:

1 Maccabees 2:3 Simon; called Thassi:

1 Maccabees 2:4 Judas, who was called Maccabeus:

1 Maccabees 2:5 Eleazar, called Avaran: and Jonathan, whose surname was Apphus.

WITNESSING THE ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION, THE MACCABEES
FLEE INTO THE MOUNTAINS

1 Maccabees 2:6 And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Judah and Jerusalem

1 Maccabees 2:27 And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a loud voice, saying, Whosoever is zealous of the law and maintains the covenant, let him follow me.

1 Maccabees 2:28 So he and his sons fled into the mountains and left all that ever they had in the city.

ZEUS IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY

THE MARRIAGE OF ZEUS AND EUROPA IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY

EUROPA SITTING ON
THE BULL OF ZEUS

THE EUROPEAN UNION IS PERSONIFIED AS EUROPA AND ZEUS

British Stamp 1984 – European Parliament

THE EUROPEAN UNION IS PERSONIFIED AS THE TOWER OF BABEL

Tower of Babel – Peter Brueghel – 1563

Time to Stretch!

INTERMISSION

Offering

Ushers Please Come Forward

PLEASE WELCOME

Rabbinitzen Sarah Ehrmantrout and the Dance Demonstration Team

2nd Half of the Teaching

THE HISTORY OF HANUKKAH

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

Around 200 BC/BCE, Jews lived as an autonomous people in the land of Israel, which at this time was controlled by the Seleucid King of Syria. The Jewish people paid taxes to Syria and accepted its legal authority and by and large were free to follow their own faith maintain their own jobs and engage in trade.

ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES
OUTLAWS THE FOLLOWING OF TORAH

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

By 180 BC/BCE, Antiochus IV Epiphanes ascended to the Seleucid throne. At first little changed but under his reign Jews were gradually forced to violate the precepts of their faith. Jews rebelled at having to do this. Under the reign of Antiochus IV, the Temple in Jerusalem was looted, Jews were massacred and Judaism was effectively outlawed.

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED A NEW WORLD ORDER UNDER GREEK CULTURE

1 Maccabees 1:10 And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.

1 Maccabees 1:41 Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom that all should be one people

1 Maccabees 1:42 And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen agreed according to the commandment of the king.

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED THE OUTLAWING OF FOLLOWING TORAH

1 Maccabees 1:44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Judah that they should follow the strange laws of the land

1 Maccabees 1:45 And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice and drink offerings in the temple; and that they should profane the Sabbaths and festival days:

1 Maccabees 1:47 … and sacrifice swine’s flesh and unclean beasts:

1 Maccabees 1:49 To the end they might forget the law and change all the ordinances.

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED THAT FOLLOWING TORAH IS SUBJECT TO DEATH

1 Maccabees 1:44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Judah that they should follow the strange laws of the land

1 Maccabees 1:50 And whosoever would not do according to the commandment of the king, he said, he should die.

1 Maccabees 1:51 In the selfsame manner wrote he to his whole kingdom and appointed overseers over all the people commanding the cities of Juda to sacrifice, city by city.

THE MACCABEES REVOLT
AGAINT ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

In 167 BC/BCE, Antiochus ordered an altar to Zeus erected in the Temple. Mattathias, a Jewish priest, and his five sons John, Simon, Eleazar, Jonathan, and Judah led a rebellion against Antiochus. Judah became known as Judah Maccabee (Judah The Hammer). By 166 BC/BCE, Mattathias had died, and Judah took his place as leader.

THE MACCABEES REVOLT
AGAINT ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES

1 Maccabees 2:19 Then Mattathias answered and spake with a loud voice, Though all the nations that are under the king’s dominion obey him, and fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give consent to his commandments:

1 Maccabees 2:20 Yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant of our fathers.

1 Maccabees 2:21 God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.

1 Maccabees 2:22 We will not hearken to the king’s words, to go from our religion, either on the right hand or the left.

THE MACCABEES REVOLT
AGAINT ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES

1 Maccabees 2:49 Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die, he said unto his sons, Now hath pride and rebuke gotten strength, and the time of destruction and the wrath of indignation:

1 Maccabees 2:50 Now therefore, my sons, be ye zealous for the law and give your lives for the covenant of your fathers.

THE MEANING OF MACCABEE

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

The name Maccabee probably means “hammer” and is properly applied only to the first leader of the revolt, Judas, third son of the priest Mattathias. The name Maccabee also might derived from the battle cry of the revolt, Me Kumocha B’elim, YHVH (“Who is like you among the heavenly powers, YHVH ! ” – Exodus 15:11).

In Hebrew, the first letters of this four word slogan form the acronym MKBY (Mem, Kaf, Bet and Yud). This became synonymous with the revolt. Its most famous warrior was Judah the Maccabee. The name came to be used for his brothers as well which accounts for the title of the book.

THE MEANING OF MACCABEE

Exodus 15:11 Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?


THE MACCABEES REVOLT
AGAINT ANTIOCHUS IV EPIPHANES

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

By 165 BC/BCE, the Jewish revolt against the Seleucid monarchy was successful. The Temple was liberated and rededicated.

JUDAH MACCABEE INSTITUTES
THE FESTIVAL OF HANUKKAH

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

The festival of Hanukkah was instituted by Judah Maccabee and his brothers to celebrate this event. (1 Maccabees 4:59). After having recovered Jerusalem and the Temple, Judah ordered the Temple to be cleansed, a new altar to be built in place of the polluted one, and new holy vessels to be made (1 Maccabees 4:36). When the fire had been kindled anew upon the altar and the lamps of the candlestick lit, the dedication of the altar was celebrated for eight days amid sacrifices and songs.

THE MACCABEES
REDEDICATE THE TEMPLE

1 Maccabees 4:36 Then said Judas and his brethren, Behold, our enemies are discomfited: let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary.

1 Maccabees 4:37 Upon this all the host assembled themselves together, and went up into mount zion.

1 Maccabees 4:38 And when they saw the sanctuary desolate and the altar profaned and the gates burned up and shrubs growing in the courts as in a forest or in one of the mountains, yea, and the priests’ chambers pulled down;

THE MACCABEES
REDEDICATE THE TEMPLE

1 Maccabees 4:42 So he chose priests of blameless conversation such as had pleasure in the law:

1 Maccabees 4:43 Who cleansed the sanctuary and bare out the defiled stones into an unclean place.

1 Maccabees 4:48 And made up the sanctuary and the things that were within the temple and hallowed the courts.

THE MACCABEES
REDEDICATE THE TEMPLE

1 Maccabees 4:52 Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month which is called the month Casleu, in the hundred forty and eighth year, they rose up betimes in the morning

1 Maccabees 4:53 And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of burnt offerings which they had made.

THE MACCABEES CELEBRATE
THE REDEDICATION OF
THE TEMPLE EIGHT DAYS

1 Maccabees 4:56 And so they kept the dedication of the altar eight days and offered burnt offerings with gladness and sacrificed the sacrifice of deliverance and praise.

1 Maccabees 4:59 Moreover Judas and his brethren with the whole congregation of Israel ordained that the days of the dedication of the altar should be kept in their season from year to year by the space of eight days from the five and twentieth day of the month Casleu with mirth and gladness.

THE MACCABEES LINKED HANUKKAH WITH SUKKOT

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

A number of historians believe that the reason for the eight day celebration was that the first Hanukkah was in effect a belated celebration of the festival of Sukkot, the Feast of Tabernacles (2 Maccabees 1:9 and 2 Maccabees 10:6).

During the war the Jews were not able to celebrate Sukkot properly. Sukkot also lasts for eight days, and was a holiday in which the lighting of lamps played a prominent part during the Second Temple period (Suk.v. 2-4). Lights were also kindled in the household and the popular name of the festival was, therefore, according to Josephus ([1] Jewish Antiquities 12. 7, § 7, #323) the “Festival of Lights” (“And from that time to this we celebrate this festival and call it Lights”).

THE MACCABEES LINKED HANUKKAH WITH SUKKOT

2 Maccabees 1:9 And now see that you keep the feast of tabernacles in the month Casleu.

2 Maccabees 10:5 Now upon the same day that the strangers profaned the temple, on the very same day it was cleansed again, even the five and twentieth day of the same month which is Casleu.

THE MACCABEES LINKED HANUKKAH WITH SUKKOT

2 Maccabees 10:6 And they kept the eight days with gladness, as in the feast of the tabernacles, remembering that not long afore they had held the feast of the tabernacles, when as they wandered in the mountains and dens like beasts.

2 Maccabees 10:7 Therefore they bare branches, and fair boughs, and palms also, and sang psalms unto him that had given them good success in cleansing his place.

2 Maccabees 10:8 They ordained also by a common statute and decree, That every year those days should be kept of the whole nation of the Jews.

HANUKKAH IS LINKED
WITH THE OLIVE HARVEST

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

It has been noted that Jewish festivals are connected to the harvesting of the Biblical seven fruits which Israel was famed for. Pesach is a celebration of the barley harvest, Shavuoth of the wheat, Sukkoth of the figs, dates, pomegranates and grapes, and Hanukkah of the olives. The olive harvest is in November and olive oil would be ready in time for Hanukkah in December.

HANUKKAH IN THE TALMUD

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

The Talmud (Shabbat 21b) says that after the occupiers had been driven from the Temple, the Maccabees went in to take down the pagan statues and restore the Temple. They discovered that most of the ritual items had been profaned. They sought ritually purified olive oil to light a Menorah to rededicate the Temple.

However, they found only enough oil for a single day. They lit this and went about purifying new oil. Miraculously, that tiny amount of oil burned for the eight days it took to have new oil pressed and made ready. It is for this reason that Jews light a candle each night of the festival.

HANUKKAH IS CELEBRATED WITH THE KINDLING OF LIGHTS

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

The miracle of Hanukkah is referred to in the Talmud, but not in the books of the Maccabees. This holiday marks the defeat of Seleucid forces who had tried to prevent Israel from practising Judaism. Judah Maccabee and his brothers destroyed overwhelming forces, and rededicated the Temple. The eight-day festival is marked by the kindling of lights with a special menorah known in modern Hebrew as a hanukiah.

THE CUSTOM OF LIGHTING THE HANUKKAH LIGHTS

Source: Wikipedia Encyclopedia

In the Talmud two customs are presented. It was usual either to display eight lamps on the first night of the festival, and to reduce the number on each successive night or to begin with one lamp the first night increasing the number till the eighth night.

The followers of Shammai favored the former custom; the followers of Hillel advocated the latter (Talmud, tractate Shabbat 21b). Josephus believed that the lights were symbolic of the liberty obtained by the Jews on the day that Hanukkah commemorates.

THE CUSTOM OF
THE HANUKKAH DREIDEL

One of the best known symbols of Hanukkah is the Dreidel. A dreidel is a four sided top with a Hebrew letter on each side.  The four letters are:

SHIN,  HEY,  GIMEL,  NUN

These letters mean “A Great Miracle Happened There.” “sham haya gadol nes.” In Israel the dreidel is a bit different in that their letters mean ” A Miracle Happened HERE!”  Does anyone know the missing Israeli letter?  Peh for the word POE=HERE!

THE CUSTOM OF
THE HANUKKAH DREIDEL

The dreidel game was popular during the rule of Antiochus before the Maccabees’ revolt, a time when soldiers executed any Jews who were caught practicing their religion.

When pious Jews gathered to study the Torah, they had the top ready in case they heard soliders approaching. If the soldiers appeared, they would hide the holy scriptures and pretend to play with the dreidel.

THE EVIL DECREES OF ANTIOCHUS IV

1)  People should not follow Torah

2)  People should not circumcise their children

3)  People should not celebrate the Sabbath

4)  People should not keep the Festivals

5)  Sacrifices should not be made in the Temple

6)  People should be free to eat pig

YESHUA RETURNS WHEN THE EXILES OF ZION ARE GATHERED

2 Thessalonians 2:1 Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Yeshua Messiah and by our gathering together unto him

2 Thessalonians 2:2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Messiah is at hand.

ANTI-TORAH IS THE SPIRIT OF ANTI-CHRIST

2 Thessalonians 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come except there come a falling away first and that man of sin be revealed the son of perdition;

2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshipped; so that he as God sits in the temple of God showing himself that he is God.

1 John 4:3 And every spirit that confesses not that Yeshua Messiah is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist whereof ye have heard that it should come and even now already is it in the world.

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREES THE OUTLAWING OF FOLLOWING TORAH

1 Maccabees 1:41 Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom that all should be one people

1 Maccabees 1:42 And every one should leave his laws …

1 Maccabees 1:49 To the end they might forget the law and change all the ordinances.

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED
AGAINST CIRCUMCISION

1 Maccabees 1:44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Judah that they should follow the strange laws of the land

1 Maccabees 1:48 That they should also leave their children uncircumcised …

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED
THAT THE SABBATH AND FEAST DAYS SHOULD NOT BE OBSERVED

1 Maccabees 1:44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Juda that they should follow the strange laws of the land

1 Maccabees 1:45 And forbid … that they should profane the sabbaths and festival days:

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED
THAT SACRIFICES SHOULD
NOT BE MADE IN THE TEMPLE

1 Maccabees 1:44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Juda that they should follow the strange laws of the land

1 Maccabees 1:45 And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice and drink offerings in the temple

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED
THAT PEOPLE SHOULD EAT PIG

1 Maccabees 1:44 For the king had sent letters by messengers unto Jerusalem and the cities of Judah that they should follow the strange laws of the land

1 Maccabees 1:45 … sacrifice swine’s flesh and unclean beasts:

BIBLICAL HISTORY IS PROPHECY

Ecclesiastes 1:9 The thing that has been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun.

Ecclesiastes 3:15 That which has been is now; and that which is to be has already been; and God requires that which is past.

BIBLICAL HISTORY IS PROPHECY

THE SONS OF ZION WILL OPPOSE THE SONS OF GREECE

Zechariah 9:13 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.

THE INFLUENCE OF GREEK HELLENISM AMONG JEWS

Source: Jewish Encyclopedia

[Hellenism is the word] used to express the assimilation, especially by the Jews, of Greek speech, manners and culture from the fourth century B.C. through the first centuries of the common era.

The victorious campaign of Alexander the Great had linked the East to the West. The victory was not simply a political one. Its spiritual influence was much greater. The Greek language became a common language for nearer Asia and with the language went Greek culture, Greek art, and Greek thought.

THE INFLUENCE OF GREEK HELLENISM AMONG JEWS

Source: Jewish Encyclopedia

The Hellenic influence pervaded everything and even in the very strongholds of Judaism it modified the organization of the state, the laws, and public affairs, art, science, and industry, affecting even the ordinary things of life and the common associations of the people.

By the introduction of Grecian art a door was opened to debauchery and riotous living; and though Judaism was hardly menaced by the introduction of direct idolatry, the connection of this culture with sublimated Greek polytheism became a real danger to the Jewish religion.

THE INFLUENCE OF GREEK HELLENISM AMONG JEWS

Source: Jewish Encyclopedia

For this reason the Hellenists are called (“wicked men”; 1 Macc. 1:11), or (“wicked and ungodly men” 1 Macc 7:5).

ANCIENT JEWS
ACCEPT GREEK HELENISM

1 Maccabees 1:10 And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been an hostage at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.

1 Maccabees 1:11 In those days went there out of Israel wicked men, who persuaded many, saying, Let us go and make a covenant with the heathen that are round about us: for since we departed from them we have had much sorrow.

1 Maccabees 1:12 So this device pleased them well.

ANCIENT JEWS
ACCEPT GREEK HELLENISM

1 Maccabees 1:13 Then certain of the people were so forward herein, that they went to the king, who gave them license to do after the ordinances of the heathen:

1 Maccabees 1:14 Whereupon they built a place of exercise at Jerusalem according to the customs of the heathen:

1 Maccabees 1:15 And made themselves uncircumcised and forsook the holy covenant, and joined themselves to the heathen and were sold to do mischief

ANTIOCHUS IV DECREED A NEW WORLD ORDER UNDER GREEK CULTURE

1 Maccabees 1:41 Moreover king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom that all should be one people

1 Maccabees 1:42 And every one should leave his laws: so all the heathen agreed according to the commandment of the king.

1 Maccabees 1:43 Yea, many also of the Israelites consented to his religion and sacrificed unto idols and profaned the Sabbath.

THE HISTORY OF DEMOCRACY

Source: Jewish Encyclopedia

The term ‘democracy – or more precisely, the original (ancient Greek) version of the word – was coined in ancient Athens in the 5th century BC. That state is generally seen as the earliest example of a system corresponding to some of the modern notions of democratic rule.

THE ISRAELI GOVERNMENT / PEOPLE ARE
INFLUENCED BY WESTERN VALUES

ANTIOCHUS IV WAGES
WAR AGAINST THE JEWS

Daniel 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

ANTIOCHUS IV DECEIVES THROUGH PEACE

1 Maccabees 1:29 And after two years fully expired the king sent his chief collector of tribute unto the cities of Judah who came unto Jerusalem with a great multitude

1 Maccabees 1:30 And spake peaceable words unto them, but all was deceit: for when they had given him credence, he fell suddenly upon the city, and smote it very sore and destroyed much people of Israel.

1 Maccabees 1:31 And when he had taken the spoils of the city, he set it on fire and pulled down the houses and walls thereof on every side.

END-TIMES DECEPTION THROUGH PEACE

THE SONS OF ZION WILL
OPPOSE THE SONS OF GREECE

1)  Biblical Zionists (Ephraim and Judah) standing for Torah

2)  Biblical Zionists (Ephraim and Judah) standing for the land of Israel

3)  The end of the exile of Jacob

4)  The coming of King Messiah and the Messianic Age

THE BIBLICAL STATE OF ZION

THE WATCHMAN CRY
(LET US GO UP TO ZION)

Jeremiah 31:6 For there shall be a day, that the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye and let us go up to Zion unto the LORD our God.

Watchman = Natzar [im]
In Hebrew

Natzar is Strong’s Word #5341 which means “to guard, watch, watch over, and keep”

John 14:21 Yahshua said “21Whoever has my commands and obeys [GUARDS] them, he is the one who loves me. [These are Messiah’s NATZIR or WATCHMAN] He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him.”

John 10:1-3

1″I tell you the truth, the man who does not enter the sheep pen [ISRAEL] by the gate, [of the TORAH and the TESTIMONY OF YAHSHUA] but climbs in by some other way, is a thief and a robber. 2The man [Yahshua] who enters by the gate [of TORAH] is the shepherd of His [YHVH’s] sheep. [ISRAEL] 3The WATCHMAN [Natzarim] opens the gate [the Torah] for him [Yahshua], and the sheep [Israel] listen to his voice. [The TORAH] He calls his own sheep [Israel]  by name [HIS TORAH OBEDIENT LIFESTYLE] and leads them out. [Of the TORAHLESSNESS of the NATIONS]

PRAY FOR THE PEACE OF JERUSALEM

Psalm 121:4 Behold, he that keeps Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep.

Psalm 122:6 Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: they shall prosper that love thee.

So in conclusion…..

GUARDING THE TORAH MEANS CHALLENGING OTHERS TO TURN AWAY FROM THE EVIL DECREES OF ANTIOCHUS IV—ONCE AGAIN ANTIOCHUS TRIES TO TELL US ALL:

1)  People should not follow Torah—YES YOU SHOULD!!

2)  People should not circumcise their children –YES YOU SHOULD!!!

3)  People should not celebrate the Sabbath – YES YOU SHOULD!!

4)  People should not keep the Festivals –YES YOU SHOULD

5)  Sacrifices should not be made in the Temple—YES THEY SHOULD!!

6)  People should be free to eat pig –NO NOT NOW AND NOT EVER

IT IS FOLLOWING THE LIES OF THE SONS OF GREECE WHO OCCUPY MANY PULPITS TODAY—THAT DELIVER DECEPTIVE MESSAGES THAT ARE CONTRARY TO GOD’S WORD.  YESHUA IS YHVH…HE SAID “HEAVEN AND EARTH WILL PASS AWAY—BUT MY WORD (THE HOLY TORAH) WILL NOT PASS AWAY!”  HE CAN’T BE DONE AWAY WITH—TORAH CANNOT BE DONE AWAY WITH.  HE NEVER DIES THUS HIS COMMANDS, DECREE’S LAWS AND INSTRUCTIONS NEVER DIE EITHER.

THE SONS OF ANTIOCHUS WANT US TO BELIEVE THAT HE ABONDONED HIS COVENANT PEOPLE ISRAEL—HEAVEN FORBID—AND CHOSE THE WAYS OF THE ROMAN HARLOT—WHO TURNED PASSOVER INTO EASTER AND THE FEAST OF DEDICATION/CHANUKKAH INTO CHRISTMAS AND THAT PAUL THE APOSTLE SAID IT WAS SO…..THEY ARE LYING TO YOU WITH THE TONGUE OF HASATAN.  THERE IS ONLY ONE WAY THAT LEADS TO LIFE AND THE FEW THAT FIND IT NEVER DIE….THE WAY IS NARROW—SEARCH FOR IT—THE PATHWAY IS STEEP—ENJOY THE CLIMB—YOU HAVE BEEN CALLED TO BE A TESTIMONIAL OF YESHUA THE MESSIAH KING OF ISRAEL—NOT ROMAN CHRISTIANITY.  THIS IS THE PEARL OF GREAT PRICE: YOUR ADOPTION HAS MADE YOU JEWISH—JUST LIKE YOUR FATHER ABRAHAM WAS MADE JEWISH.  HE STARTED AS A WANDERING ARMEANIAN AND BECAME THE FATHER OF US ALL.  REDEDICATE YOUR LIFE TO LEARNING THE TRUTH OF THE JEWISH MESSIAH AND HIS WAYS WHICH ARE PERFECT AND HIS PATHS WHICH ARE PEACE.

CHANUKKAH IS THE FEAST OF DEDICATION—DEDICATE YOURSELF ONCE AGAIN TO DISCOVERING THE TRUTH. ALLOW THE HOLY SPIRIT TO GUIDE YOU AND YOU WILL FIND MORE THAN GOOD PRAISE AND WORSHIP AND WATERED DOWN MESSAGES THAT ARE FINISHED IN LESS TIME THAN IT TAKES TO GRILL A HAMBURGER.  THIS IS THE PEARL OF GREAT PRICE—THE LIVING TORAH YESHUA MESSIAH!  ALLOW HIM TO OPEN YOUR HEART AND MIND TODAY….AND PRAY ALWAYS FOR THE PEACE OF ISRAEL AND THE PEACE OF JERUSALEM—OUR CAPITAL AND HOMELAND—AS WE LONG FOR THE DAY WE CAN RETURN FROM THE NATIONS.  CHAG SAMEACH!

Shavuatov!

Have a Blessed Week!

Remember to give to the poor

Remember those in prison

Visit the sick this week

Ariel Ehrmantrout © 2010

Teaching © 2004-2010 R.E.C. and HHM used by permission

 

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